lunes, 30 de enero de 2012

"Old Universities and New", by Professor Amartya Sen.

Nobel Laureate Lecture: "Old Universities and New", by Professor Amartya Sen. 

This event was organized by the University of Cambridge's Graduate Union.

Professor Sen was awarded the Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences in 1998. Amidst his various accomplishments and achievements, including serving as the Master of Trinity College from 1998 to 2004, and receiving over 90 honourary degrees from distinguished universities all over the world, he was also listed last year as one of Time's Magazine's 100 most influential persons in the world.

http://www.cus.org/connect/speaker-events/2011/amartya-sen

domingo, 29 de enero de 2012

The Adam Smith Lecture



Professor Amartya Sen

The Adam Smith Lecture 2011 with guest speakers Amartya Sen and Emma Rothschild introduced by Principal Dr Craig Thomson and Gordon Brown MP.

Amartya Sen is an economist and philosopher who was awarded the 1998 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences for his contributions to welfare economics and social choice theory.

Joining Professor Sen in delivering the Lecture is Emma Rothschild, a Harvard professor who also holds senior positions in the UK at the University of Cambridge. Professor Rothschild also sits on the Board of Directors of the United Nations Foundation and has been recognised with the Order of St Michael and St George for her work in international cultural and academic relations.


Harvard Professor and Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen speaks on "The Uses and Abuses of Adam Smith" at Duke University as part of a celebration weekend of the 40th anniversary of the History of Political Economy Journal.


viernes, 27 de enero de 2012

Moot points, well made: Sotomayor presides over the 2011 Ames Moot Court Competition



That’s what student Jessica Palmer was trying to do when she argued that her fictional 

On Thursday, November 17, 2011, the teams in the showdown round of the 2011 Ames Moot Court Competition tried to persuade a panel headed by U.S. Supreme Court Justice Sonia Sotomayor to change the law of the land. The Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review provided a live blog of the questions and arguments made during the competition.

Watch a historical retrospective of the event, “Celebrating a Century: The Ames Moot Court Competition”

jueves, 26 de enero de 2012

Gender, Law, and the British Novel

Organized by Martha Nussbaum, Alison LaCroix, and Jane Dailey, this conference is the second in a series of law and literature conferences, the first of which was the successful Shakespeare conference held in the spring of 2009.

This conference focuses on the interplay between law and gender in English literature in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It seeks to explore, through a legal lens, the literary themes generated by gender and gender roles from Henry Fielding to George Bernard Shaw. The conference hopes to imbue a broader understanding of the legal and social philosophies that changed and were changed by the respective roles of women and men in England, encouraging a deeper and more complex appreciation in the fields of both literature and the law. Distinguished writer Sara Paretsky, author of the V.I. Warshawski detective novels, will be a guest speaker.

Following the tradition set by the first law and literature conference, faculty and student actors will perform dramatic scenes from English plays of the era.

Gender, Law, and the British Novel: Student Panel

This panel was recorded May 14, 2010, as part of the conference "Gender, Law, and the British Novel," organized by Martha Nussbaum, Alison LaCroix, and Jane Dailey.

Participants included:
  • Alyssa Luboff, "Old Maids, Widows and Kindred Spirits: the Struggle Between Ideal Freedom and Social Reality in L.M. Montgomery's Anne Novels"
  • Ann K. Wagner, "Sexual Assault in the Shadow of the Law: Character and Proof in Samuel Richardson's Clarissa"
  • Jajah Wu, "Call it Gossip: Persuasion and the Power of Information"
  • Student Commentators: Julie Murray, Jajah Wu
  • Chair: Emily Buss 
Gender, Law, and the British Novel: Context and Interpretation

 This panel was recorded May 14, 2010, as part of the conference "Gender, Law, and the British Novel," organized by Martha Nussbaum, Alison LaCroix, and Jane Dailey. Participants included:
  • Alison LaCroix, "The Lawyer's Library in the Early American Republic"
  • Robert Ferguson, "Proposals and Performative Utterance in the Nineteenth-Century Novel: The Professional Man's Plight"
  • Sandra Macpherson: "Character Shape: Toward a Feminist Formalism"
  • Blakey Vermeule: "A Comeuppance Theory of Narrative"
  • Chair: Eric Slauter 

Gender, Law, and the British Novel: Law and Family

This panel was recorded May 15, 2010, as part of the conference "Gender, Law, and the British Novel," organized by Martha Nussbaum, Alison LaCroix, and Jane Dailey. Participants included:
  • Martha Nussbaum, "The Stain of Illegitimacy: Gender, Law, and Trollopian Subversion"
  • Saul Levmore, "Primogeniture, Legal Change, and Trollope"
  • Julie Suk, "Moral and Legal Consequences of Wife-Selling in The Mayor of Casterbridge"
  • Chair: Julia Simon-Kerr 

Conference on Gender, Law, and the British Novel: Keynote Panel

This panel, which featured a talk by Sara Paretsky, author of the V.I. Warshawski novels, and discussion by Nicola Lacey of the London School of Economics and Law School faculty Martha Nussbaum and Alison LaCroix, was part of a conference on Gender, Law, and the British Novel that was held at the University of Chicago Law School on May 14-15, 2010. The conference was co-sponsored by the Center for Gender Studies. 

Fuente: The University of Chicago Law School

Marketization, Social Protection, Emancipation: Toward a Neo-Polanyian Conception of Capitalist Crisis. Nancy Fraser

Fraser will examine Polanyi's conception of the double movement. Seeking to expand his idea of a two-sided conflict between partisans of deregulated markets and proponents of social protection, she will incorporate a third pole of social movement, aimed at emancipation. The result will be a revised understanding of the grammar of social conflict that better reflects the social struggles of the twenty-first century. 


Nancy Fraser spoke about how the current rise of neo-liberalism is likely to alter the landscape of critical theorizing. Fraser believes that this will prompt a revival of large scale social theorizing that conceives crisis as multi-dimensional.
















































Formato























Ver























Mershon_FraserN_WebEvent_2010-11-18 .pdf
PDF Ver/Abrir
Mershon_FraserN_photos_2010-11-18.pdf
PDF Ver/Abrir
Mershon_kbdirect_FraserN_2010-11-18_flash.html
HTML Ver/Abrir
Mershon_kbdirect_FraserN_2010-11-18_rm.html
HTML Ver/Abrir
Mershon_kbdirect_FraserN_2010-11-18_wmv.html
HTML Ver/Abrir

miércoles, 25 de enero de 2012

El Estado Social y sus exigencias Constitucionales


El Estado Social y sus exigencias Constitucionales

Por Manuel José Terol Becerra, Antonio Torres del Moral, Luis Jimena Quesada, Encarnación Carmona Cuenca, Javier Tajadura Tejada, Carlos Vidal Prado, Cristina Pauner Chulvi, Gabriele Vestri.
Tirant lo Blanch
Las aportaciones a esta obra indagan sobre los fundamentos teóricos del Estado social y las consecuencias inherentes a su implantación por la Constitución española vigente, considerando no sólo la necesaria interpretación sistemática de su proclamación en ella con las exigencia de la llamada "Constitución económica", en cuyo marco se encuadra, sino también la posterior incorporación de España a las Comunidades Europeas, primero, y a la Unión Europea, después, con la consiguiente adhesión al modelo demoliberal. 

También versa sobre los compromisos internacionales de España con los derechos sociales como objeto y su puesta en práctica por el Estatuto de Autonomía para Andalucía, enfatuándose la importancia de la Carta Social Europea, en particular de su Protocolo de 1996 no ratificado por España; el marco constitucional del derecho a la educación y su vertiente prestacional; sobre el derecho a la cultura y su importancia para la integración social; los tratamientos que reciben el derecho a un mínimo vital y las rentas mínimas de inserción en los Estatutos de Autonomía reformados durante la VIII Legislatura de las Cortes Generales; y la situación de los menores de edad en el contexto constitucional español.

 

martes, 24 de enero de 2012

Informe Mundial 2012: Fortalecer el apoyo a la 'Primavera Árabe'

Los gobiernos deben defender los derechos, y no a los aliados que cometen abusos
Son muchos los gobiernos democráticos que, en función de sus vínculos con aliados represivos, han mitigado su defensa de los derechos humanos en el marco de las protestas de la Primavera Árabe, señaló Human Rights Watch en su Informe Mundial 2012. Por una cuestión de principios e intereses a largo plazo, los gobiernos deberían expresar su firme apoyo a las personas de Oriente Medio y África del Norte que reclaman sus derechos fundamentales y trabajar para asegurar la transición hacia democracias genuinas.
El informe de 676 páginas, que contiene el examen anual de Human Rights Watch sobre prácticas de derechos humanos en todo el mundo, resume los principales obstáculos a estos derechos en más de 90 países y refleja el exhaustivo trabajo de investigación llevado a cabo durante 2011 por el personal de Human Rights Watch.

sábado, 21 de enero de 2012

Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen on Reviving Nalanda University. Institutions should be free and autonomous


Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen discusses the pan-Asian initiative to revive the ancient Nalanda University and the significance and relevance for Asia today. Bureaucratic hurdles delaying Nalanda varsity. Institutions should be free and autonomous as in America”. Amartya Sen.


Obstáculos burocráticos retrasan el equipo universitario de Nalanda. Para Amartya Sen "Las instituciones deben ser libres y autónomas como en los Estados Unidos".


Sen hizo sonar la alarma acerca de que más de 100 millones de mujeres son privadas de sus derechos. Señaló que uno de sus libros más influyentes, como la pobreza y la hambruna: un ensayo sobre el derecho y la privación, cambió la forma de comprender y prevenir la hambruna en los países.


"No debe haber ningún control burocrático sobre la educación y las instituciones deben tener la libertad y la autonomía de las universidades estadounidenses". "Lo importante es reconocer la calidad de la educación y la relevancia de lo que se enseña", dijo el profesor Sen.


Ahora, Sen encabeza el resurgimiento de la universidad más antigua del mundo, en Bihar, uno de los estados más pobres de la India. Basado en las enseñanzas budistas, la Universidad de Nalanda ofrece temas como la astronomía, la política, la medicina y las bellas artes. Nalanda albergaba a más de 10.000 estudiantes de todo el mundo antes de que fuera destruida por los invasores musulmanes turcos en 1197.




viernes, 20 de enero de 2012

"Social Choice and Human Rights" Amartya Sen.

  • Debate alone can’t extinguish human-rights abuses, Sen says.




    Debate alone can’t extinguish human-rights abuses, Sen

jueves, 19 de enero de 2012

The BP Oil Spill: Environmental Justice Implications


Date and Time
October 18, 2010
12:45 PM - 2:00 PM

Availability
RSVP by 5PM October 17


Discussion on human rights and environmental justice implications surrounding the BP oil spill from regulatory, litigation and conceptual perspectives.

Introduced and moderated by Dr. Helen Stacy, Co-ordinator, Program on Human Rights in the Center on Democracy, Development and Rule of Law and Senior Fellow, Freeman Spogli Institute.

Panelists:
Meg Caldwell, Director, Environmental and Natural Resources Law & Policy Program; Executive Director, Center for Ocean Solutions, Woods Institute for the Environment. Professor Caldwell's scholarship focuses on the environmental effects of local land use decisions, the use of science in environmental and marine resource policy development and implementation, and developing private and public incentives for natural resource conservation.
Deborah Sivas, Luke W. Cole Professor of Environmental Law and Director, Environmental Law Clinic. Professor Sivas's current research is focused on the interaction of law and science in the arena of climate change and coastal/marine policy and the ability of the public to hold policymakers accountable.
Ursula Heise, Director, Program in Modern Thought & Literature and Professor of English; member of the Executive Committee of the Program in Science, Technology & Society; Affiliated Faculty of the Woods Institute for the Environment. Author of Sense of Place and Sense of Planet: The Environmental Imagination of the Global (Oxford University Press, 2008), After Nature: Species Extinction and Modern Culture, (forthcoming) and The Avantgarde and the Forms of Nature (in progress).

Location
Stanford Law School
Room 280B

miércoles, 18 de enero de 2012

La Situación de las Personas Afrodescendientes en las Américas

The situation of people of  African descent in the Americas.
-
Washington, 18 ene (EFE).- La discriminación de los afrodescendientes persistió en 2011 en América, tanto en el ámbito público como privado, según un informe publicado hoy por la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH).
"Las personas afrodescendientes han sufrido históricamente y continúan sufriendo la exclusión, el racismo y la discriminación racial y han sido invisibilizados, aun cuando constituyen la mayoría de población de algunos Estados de la región", asegura el informe de la CIDH, titulado "La situación de las personas afrodescencientes en las Américas".
La CIDH, un ente autónomo de la Organización de Estados Américanos (OEA), alerta en el documento de que este grupo poblacional vive "de manera sistemática" en las zonas con mayor pobreza de las regiones, con menos infraestructuras y más expuestos al crimen, afrontando "serios obstáculos" para acceder a la educación, la salud y la vivienda.
Así, entre este grupo, que la CIDH estima que representa el 30 % de la población de América, los jóvenes y las mujeres acarrean con las más agudas consecuencias de la discriminación.
La triple discriminación de las mujeres -por sexo, pobreza y raza- corre el riesgo de agravarse en conflictos armados y se ha demostrado con casos vejatorios de las autoridades policiales, según recoge el informe.
En tanto, los niños y jóvenes parten con una menor perspectiva de futuro, registran mayores tasas de analfabetismo, cursan menos años escolares y supone "un porcentaje muy reducido" los que consiguen estudiar en la universidad.
En Colombia, por ejemplo, la mortalidad entre los menores de un año duplicó el promedio de mortalidad infantil.
Las limitaciones también se manifiestan en el ámbito del trabajo, donde, según el documento, los afrodescendientes ocupan los puestos con menor calificación y remuneración, y en el ámbito policial y judicial.
El informe advierte que los afrodescendientes tienden a sufrir una mayor ausencia de garantías judiciales, una falta de sensibilidad de los empleados de la justicia e incluso denuncia el uso de "perfiles raciales como mecanismo selectivo y discrecional" para efectuar detenciones alegando razones de seguridad pública.
Pese a ello, la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos celebra algunos avances legislativos para combatir la discriminación racial en ciertos países del continente gracias a directivas marcadas en las conferencias de Santiago de Chile y Durban (Sudáfrica) en 2000 y 2001.
Defiende también la discriminación positiva para contrarrestar que el colectivo afrodescendientes ha sido "sistemáticamente desaventajado" y pide campañas de concienciación.
El porcentaje de población afrodescendiente varia mucho en función del país americano: en la República Dominicana se calcula en torno al 80 %, en Brasil sobre el 50 %, en Estados Unidos el 13,6 % y en México el 0,45 %, según cálculos recopilados por la CIDH.
La situación de las personas en las Américas

martes, 17 de enero de 2012

Human Dignity. George Kateb


We often speak of the dignity owed to a person. And dignity is a word that regularly appears in political speeches. Charters are promulgated in its name, and appeals to it are made when people all over the world struggle to achieve their rights. But what exactly is dignity? When one person physically assaults another, we feel the wrong demands immediate condemnation and legal sanction. Whereas when one person humiliates or thoughtlessly makes use of another, we recognize the wrong and hope for a remedy, but the social response is less clear. The injury itself may be hard to quantify.
Given our concern with human dignity, it is odd that it has received comparatively little scrutiny. Here, George Kateb asks what human dignity is and why it matters for the claim to rights. He proposes that dignity is an “existential” value that pertains to the identity of a person as a human being. To injure or even to try to efface someone’s dignity is to treat that person as not human or less than human—as a thing or instrument or subhuman creature. Kateb does not limit the notion of dignity to individuals but extends it to the human species. The dignity of the human species rests on our uniqueness among all other species. In the book’s concluding section, he argues that despite the ravages we have inflicted on it, nature would be worse off without humanity. The supremely fitting task of humanity can be seen as a “stewardship” of nature. This secular defense of human dignity—the first book-length attempt of its kind—crowns the career of a distinguished political thinker.

What is human dignity? George Kateb, author of the new book Human Dignity, discusses the meaning of the term and its importance in the struggle for universal human rights.

Listeners: What's your definition of human dignity?

Human Dignity. George Kateb. Book

George Kateb is William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Politics, Emeritus, Princeton University. His writings include Hannah Arendt: Politics, Conscience, Evil (1984); The Inner Ocean: Individualism and Democratic Culture (1992); Emerson and Self-Reliance (1994); 2d ed, 2002); and most recently,Patriotism and Other Mistakes (2007). At Princeton, he was formerly Director of the Program in Political Philosophy, Director of the Gauss Seminars, and Director of the University Center for Human Values.

lunes, 16 de enero de 2012

Reparations, Restitution, and Transitional Justice


SPEAKER
Larry May - W. Alton Jones Professor of Philosophy and Professor of Law at Vanderbilt University


Larry May is a political philosopher who has written on conceptual issues in collective and shared responsibility, as well as normative issues in international criminal law. He has also written on professional ethics and on the Just War tradition.  

Stanford University.
Reparations, Restitution, And Transitional Justice

domingo, 15 de enero de 2012

Is Terrorism an Effective Instrument of Coercion?



Panel Discussion

DATE AND TIME
May 31, 2011


SPEAKER
Max Abrahms (panelist) - Predoctoral Fellow (former) and Fellow, fellow at the Dickey Center for International Understanding, Dartmouth.



Dr Max Abrahms, a fellow at the Dickey Center for International Understanding, based in Dartmouth College (US), considers whether terrorism is an effective tool of political change. Specifically, Dr Abrahms examines the impact of Al-Qaeda's use of terrorism on US policymaking. This audio selection is an excerpt of the panel, "Al Qaeda: Moving on or Marching on?" from the 2011 International Security Forum in Zurich, hosted by the Center for Security Studies and the ISN.


Audio player:

Is Terrorism an Effective Instrument of Coercion?

28.10.2011, Abrahms, Max



Please note that you must have Adobe Flash Player installed to use the audio player.

DOWNLOADS